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DanLanPro The Steppin Ethnographer

Updated: Jul 6, 2023

Ethnography is a research methodology and qualitative approach used in social sciences, particularly in anthropology and sociology. It involves the study of people and their cultures, aiming to understand the social, cultural, and behavioral patterns of a particular group or community. Ethnographers typically spend an extended period of time living with and observing the community they are studying to gain an in-depth understanding of their practices, beliefs, values, and social structures.


The primary method of data collection in ethnography is participant observation, where the ethnographer actively participates in the daily activities of the community while observing and documenting their behaviors, interactions, and cultural practices. This immersive approach allows the ethnographer to gain firsthand experience and insights into the lives of the people being studied.

In addition to participant observation, ethnographers may also use other research methods such as interviews, focus groups, and archival research to supplement their data. They analyze the collected data to identify patterns, themes, and cultural meanings, often employing qualitative data analysis techniques.


Ethnography provides rich, detailed descriptions and interpretations of cultural phenomena and social practices within specific contexts. It helps researchers understand the complexities of human behavior, social structures, and cultural diversity. Ethnographic studies have been conducted in various settings, including communities, organizations, educational institutions, and even online communities, to explore different aspects of human life and society.


"Steppin History has always been much deeper than the counts and movements with me. Ethnography has enabled me to better embrace the experience".


The Ethnography Behind Steppin.

  1. Cultural Relativism: Ethnography embraces the principle of cultural relativism, which means understanding and analyzing a culture within its own context, without imposing external judgments or values. Ethnographers strive to suspend their own cultural biases and perspectives to truly appreciate and comprehend the beliefs, behaviors, and norms of the community they are studying.

  2. Emic and Etic Perspectives: Ethnographers often differentiate between emic and etic perspectives. The emic perspective refers to an insider's viewpoint, understanding the community's beliefs and practices from their own cultural framework. On the other hand, the etic perspective involves an outsider's interpretation, applying external theories and concepts to analyze the community's behaviors and cultural phenomena.

  3. Reflexivity: Ethnographers recognize the importance of reflexivity, acknowledging their own role and influence in the research process. They reflect on their own positionality, biases, and assumptions, and how these may shape their observations and interpretations. Reflexivity helps to maintain transparency and critical self-awareness throughout the research.

  4. Triangulation: To enhance the validity and reliability of their findings, ethnographers often employ triangulation. This involves using multiple data sources, methods, and perspectives to cross-validate the information gathered. By combining different sources of data, such as observations, interviews, and documents, researchers can develop a more comprehensive and well-rounded understanding of the community.

  5. Writing Ethnographic Accounts: Ethnographic research typically culminates in a written account or ethnography. Ethnographers strive to create a vivid and detailed narrative that conveys the richness and complexity of the community's culture. These accounts often include thick descriptions, personal anecdotes, and direct quotes to bring the reader closer to the experiences and perspectives of the community members.

  6. Applied Ethnography: Ethnography is not limited to academic research; it also has practical applications. Applied ethnography involves using ethnographic methods to inform and guide decision-making in various fields, including business, design, healthcare, and development. It helps organizations understand their target audiences, consumer behaviors, and cultural contexts to design more effective products, services, and policies.

  7. Visual Ethnography: In addition to written accounts, ethnography can also incorporate visual elements. Visual ethnography involves using photography, video, or other visual media to document and represent the community and its culture. Visual methods can provide powerful and evocative representations of cultural practices and experiences, enhancing the overall understanding and impact of the research.


STEPPIN and ethnography is not acting, presentation, or demonstration. It is not instruction. It is capturing the essence of Steppin and embodying its character to communicate its personality and cultural identity as a whole".

Ethnography continues to evolve and adapt to different research contexts and technological advancements. It remains a valuable tool for exploring and documenting the intricacies of human societies, fostering cross-cultural understanding, and addressing real-world challenges.


There are several perspectives I studied about Steppin from an ethnographer's perspective for years. I will continue to explore and share my findings with the hopes to inspire and encourage others to follow suit with discovering and uncovering the deep mysteries behind the art of Steppin.

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